Differential regulation of prostaglandin EP and FP receptors in pregnant sheep myometrium and endometrium during spontaneous term labor

Xiao Hong Ma, Wen Xuan Wu, Peter W. Nathanielsz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the present study, we characterized the mRNA abundance of prostaglandin E2 receptor subtypes (EP1 and EP3, which stimulate excitatory responses; EP2 and EP4, which stimulate inhibitory responses) and the FP receptor in pregnant sheep myometrium and endometrium in relation to parturition. Myometrial and endometrial poly(A) RNA was extracted from control ewes at 143-147 days gestational age (dGA, n = 6) and from ewes in spontaneous term labor at 145-147 dGA (n = 6), and was subjected to Northern blot analysis for FP, EP1, EP2, EP3, and EP4 mRNA. Myometrial EP3, EP4, and FP mRNA abundance increased during labor (P < 0.05); EP2 mRNA did not change. EP1 mRNA was not detectable in the myometrium. Endometrial EP2 and EP4 mRNA remained unchanged during labor. EP3 mRNA was expressed at a very low level, and EP1 and FP mRNA were not detected in endometrium in any animals studied. In conclusion, there is differential expression in myometrium and endometrium of EP subtypes and FP receptor in relation to labor. Increases in EP3 and FP, together with increased prostaglandin production from intrauterine tissues, may lead to the switch in the myometrial contraction pattern that occurs during labor. These differences within and between myometrium and endometrium may result from different anatomical location, such as longitudinal or circular layers of myometrium, or vascular location.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1281-1286
Number of pages6
JournalBiology of reproduction
Volume61
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Cell Biology

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