We have used the MMTV-myc and MMTV-ras transgenic mouse mammary tumor models (T. A. Stewart et al., Cell, 38: 627-637, 1984, and E. Sinn et al., Cell, 49: 465-475, 1987) to evaluate how the c-myc and v-Ha-ras oncogenes influence tumor growth characteristics in vivo. MMTV-myc tumors had much higher levels of spontaneous apoptosis than MMTV-ras tumors, whereas intermediate levels were observed in MMTV-myc/ras tumors. Significant differences in cell cycle characteristics were also observed in tumors from mice of the three genotypes. Tumors from MMTV-myc mice had lower G1 and higher S-phase fractions than MMTV-ras tumors, with intermediate values again observed in the MMTV-myc/ras tumors. Despite these differences, however, tumor growth rates for the different groups were similar. These findings highlight the importance of the balance between cell cycle regulation and cell death in determining the kinetics of tumor growth and indicate that distinct oncogenes can have a profound influence on that balance.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|State||Published - 1997|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research