Differential effect of endogenous glucagon-like peptide-1 on prandial glucose counterregulatory response to hypoglycaemia in humans with and without bariatric surgery

Henri Honka, Amalia Gastaldelli, Samantha Pezzica, Richard Peterson, Ralph DeFronzo, Marzieh Salehi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aim: To determine the effect of endogenous glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) on prandial counterregulatory response to hypoglycaemia after gastric bypass (GB). Materials and Methods: Glucose fluxes, and islet-cell and gut hormone responses before and after mixed-meal ingestion, were compared during a hyperinsulinaemic-hypoglycaemic (~3.2 mmol/L) clamp with and without a GLP-1 receptor (GLP-1R) antagonist exendin-(9–39) infusion in non-diabetic patients who had previously undergone GB compared to matched participants who had previously undergone sleeve gastrectomy (SG) and non-surgical controls. Results: Exendin-(9–39) infusion raised prandial endogenous glucose production (EGP) response to insulin-induced hypoglycaemia in the GB group but had no consistent effect on EGP response among the SG group or non-surgical controls (p < 0.05 for interaction). The rates of systemic appearance of ingested glucose or prandial glucose utilization did not differ among the three groups or between studies with and without exendin-(9–39) infusion. Blockade of GLP-1R had no effect on insulin secretion or insulin action but enhanced prandial glucagon in all three groups. Conclusions: These results indicate that impaired post-meal glucose counterregulatory response to hypoglycaemia after GB is partly mediated by endogenous GLP-1, highlighting a novel pathogenic mechanism of GLP-1 in developing hypoglycaemia in this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2476-2486
Number of pages11
JournalDiabetes, Obesity and Metabolism
Volume26
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2024

Keywords

  • counterregulatory response
  • gastric bypass
  • glucagon-like peptide 1
  • hypoglycaemia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

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