In this work, we 1) synthesized rat CCK-58, 2) determined the amounts and forms of rat CCK in whole blood after stimulation of its release by casein, 3) determined the potency of CCK-8 and CCK-58 peptides to displace labeled CCK-8 from CCKA and CCKB receptors transfected into Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells, and 4) examined the biological actions of CCK-8 and rat CCK-58 in an anesthetized rat model. CCK-58 was the only detected endocrine form of CCK in rat blood. Synthetic rat CCK-58 was less potent than CCK-8 for displacing the label from CCKA and CCKB receptors in transfected CHO cells. However, rat CCK-58 was more potent than CCK-8 for stimulation of pancreatic protein secretion in the anesthetized rat. In addition, CCK-58 but not CCK-8 stimulated fluid secretion in this anesthetized rat model. These data suggest that regions outside the COOH terminus of rat CCK-58 influence the expression of CCK biological activity. The presence of only CCK-58 in the circulation and the fact that its biological activity differs from CCK-8 suggests that CCK-58 deserves scrutiny in other physiological models of CCK activity.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology|
|Issue number||3 49-3|
|State||Published - Mar 2004|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)