Different involvement of subregions within dorsal premotor and medial frontal cortex for pro- and antisaccades

Edna C. Cieslik, Isabelle Seidler, Angela R. Laird, Peter T. Fox, Simon B. Eickhoff

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


The antisaccade task has been widely used to investigate cognitive action control. While the general network for saccadic eye movements is well defined, the exact location of eye fields within the frontal cortex strongly varies between studies. It is unknown whether this inconsistency reflects spatial uncertainty or is the result of different involvement of subregions for specific aspects of eye movement control. The aim of the present study was to examine functional differentiations within the frontal cortex by integrating results from neuroimaging studies analyzing pro- and antisaccade behavior using meta-analyses. The results provide evidence for a differential functional specialization of neighboring oculomotor frontal regions, with lateral frontal eye fields (FEF) and supplementary eye field (SEF) more often involved in prosaccades while medial FEF and anterior midcingulate cortex (aMCC) revealed consistent stronger involvement for antisaccades. This dissociation was furthermore mirrored by functional connectivity analyses showing that the lateral FEF and SEF are embedded in a motor output network, while medial FEF and aMCC are integrated in a multiple demand network.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)256-269
Number of pages14
JournalNeuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016


  • AMCC
  • Eye movements
  • FMRI
  • Functional connectivity (FC)
  • Lateral FEF
  • Medial FEF
  • Meta-analysis
  • Meta-analytic connectivity modeling (MACM)
  • Resting state
  • SEF

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Behavioral Neuroscience


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