Differences in Postacute Rehabilitation Recommendations by Ethnicity at an Urban Comprehensive Stroke Center

Audrie A. Chavez, Annie M. Abraham, Aardhra M. Venkatachalam, Morgan McCreary, Nneka L. Ifejika

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective The aim of this study was to investigate differences in postacute rehabilitation discharge recommendations, actual disposition, and rehabilitation duration by ethnicity at an urban Joint Commission Comprehensive Stroke Center. Design This was a retrospective cohort study of adult acute stroke hospital admissions between January 1, 2016, and December 31, 2019 (n = 1717) who were discharged to home with or without outpatient therapy, inpatient rehabilitation facility, or skilled nursing facility (SNF). Lognormal and multinomial regressions were used to create statistical models evaluating ethnicity-related differences in discharge recommendation and disposition as well as rehabilitation duration while controlling for age, stroke type and severity, insurance type, and medical comorbidities; non-Hispanic white (NHW) patients served as the comparison group. Results Hispanic patients were less likely to have therapy recommendations of SNF, with a trend toward significance (P = 0.06), yet statistically more likely to have the actual disposition of SNF (P = 0.01) than NHW patients. There were no statistically significant differences comparing disposition rates for black and Asian patients to NHW patients for both inpatient rehabilitation facility and SNF. There was no statistically significant difference in rehabilitation duration for black or Hispanic patients compared with NHW patients. Conclusions Hispanic patients were less likely to have therapy recommended SNF disposition, with a trend toward significance, but significantly more likely to have actual SNF disposition compared with NHW patients after acute stroke.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1104-1110
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Volume101
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Health Disparities
  • Inpatient Rehabilitation Facility
  • Skilled Nursing Facility
  • Stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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