Dietary intakes of macronutrients among Mexican Americans and Anglo Americans: The San Antonio heart study

S. M. Haffner, J. A. Knapp, H. P. Hazuda, M. P. Stern, E. A. Young

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

72 Scopus citations

Abstract

Twenty-four-hour dietary recalls were obtained on 1254 Mexican Americans (MA) and 916 Anglo Americans (AA), aged 25 to 64, as part of the San Antonio heart study, a population-based survey of cardiovascular risk factors from 1979 to 1982. In order to separate the effects of ethnicity from those of socioeconomic status (SES), we sampled subjects in three distinct neighborhoods: a low income MA neighborhood (barrio), a middle income neighborhood, and an upper income, predominantly Anglo, neighborhood. Intakes of protein, fat and carbohydrate were similar to those found in other dietary surveys (NHANES, LRC). MA females living in the barrio consumed more cholesterol than either Anglos or MAs living in the other two neighborhoods. In MA males, the rise in the Hegsted Score with increasing SES paralleled the rise in LDL cholesterol with rising SES reported previously by our group. Females consumed a less atherogenic diet than males.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1266-1275
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume42
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1985

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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