Diabetes mellitus and 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin elimination in veterans of operation ranch hand

Joel E. Michalek, Norma S. Ketchum, Ram C. Tripathi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations

Abstract

Using multivariate statistical models, no significant relationship was found between the rate of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) elimination and the occurrence or time to onset of diabetes in 343 veterans of Operation Ranch Hand, the unit responsible for the aerial spraying of Agent Orange and other TCDD-contaminated herbicides during the Vietnam War. Without adjustment for age, body mass index, family history of diabetes, and smoking history, the time to onset of diabetes decreased and the risk of diabetes increased with a diminished elimination rate. However, after adjustment, diabetes time to onset and occurrence were not significantly associated with TCDD elimination. Analyses of covariance found no significant difference between the average elimination rates of diabetic and nondiabetic veterans, without or with adjustment for risk factors. To our knowledge, this is the only study to date to examine TCDD elimination and diabetes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)211-221
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Toxicology and Environmental Health - Part A
Volume66
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 14 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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