Diabetes mellitus, advances and their implications for aerospace medicine

W. R. Cayce, S. S. Osswald, R. A. Thomas, W. E. Drew, C. S. Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


The authors describe a case of Type 1 diabetes mellitus (insulin dependent) in a 34-year-old fighter pilot, which included a 15-month remission ('honeymoon period'). The pathogenesis, characteristics, diagnosis, evaluation, and the aeromedical implications of Type 1 diabetes are discussed. The use of C-peptide values in accessing beta cell function is also discussed. The risk of poorly controlled diabetes, diabetic ketoacidosis, and visual acuity fluctuations were major reasons to disqualify this individual when in remission. The importance of determining the type of diabetes for prognosis and aeromedical disposition is stressed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1140-1144
Number of pages5
JournalAviation Space and Environmental Medicine
Issue number12
StatePublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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