Device-measured physical activity, adiposity and mortality: a harmonised meta-analysis of eight prospective cohort studies

Jakob Tarp, Morten W. Fagerland, Knut Eirik Dalene, Jostein Steene Johannessen, Bjørge H. Hansen, Barbara J. Jefferis, Peter H. Whincup, Keith M. Diaz, Steven Hooker, Virginia J. Howard, Ariel Chernofsky, Martin G. Larson, Nicole L. Spartano, Ramachandran S. Vasan, Ing Mari Dohrn, Maria Hagströmer, Charlotte Edwardson, Thomas Yates, Eric J. Shiroma, Paddy C. DempseyKatrien Wijndaele, Sigmund A. Anderssen, I. Min Lee, Ulf Ekelund

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The joint associations of total and intensity-specific physical activity with obesity in relation to all-cause mortality risk are unclear. METHODS: We included 34 492 adults (72% women, median age 62.1 years, 2034 deaths during follow-up) in a harmonised meta-analysis of eight population-based prospective cohort studies with mean follow-up ranging from 6.0 to 14.5 years. Standard body mass index categories were cross-classified with sample tertiles of device-measured total, light-to-vigorous and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity and sedentary time. In five cohorts with waist circumference available, high and low waist circumference was combined with tertiles of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity. RESULTS: There was an inverse dose-response relationship between higher levels of total and intensity-specific physical activity and mortality risk in those who were normal weight and overweight. In individuals with obesity, the inverse dose-response relationship was only observed for total physical activity. Similarly, lower levels of sedentary time were associated with lower mortality risk in normal weight and overweight individuals but there was no association between sedentary time and risk of mortality in those who were obese. Compared with the obese-low total physical activity reference, the HRs were 0.59 (95% CI 0.44 to 0.79) for normal weight-high total activity and 0.67 (95% CI 0.48 to 0.94) for obese-high total activity. In contrast, normal weight-low total physical activity was associated with a higher risk of mortality compared with the obese-low total physical activity reference (1.28; 95% CI 0.99 to 1.67). CONCLUSIONS: Higher levels of physical activity were associated with lower risk of mortality irrespective of weight status. Compared with obesity-low physical activity, there was no survival benefit of being normal weight if physical activity levels were low.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)725-732
Number of pages8
JournalBritish Journal of Sports Medicine
Volume56
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • body mass index
  • exercise
  • observational study

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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