Development of an antimicrobial resin - A pilot study

Catherine Fan, Lianrui Chu, H. Ralph Rawls, Barry K. Norling, Hector L. Cardenas, Kyumin Whang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

106 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: To demonstrate that silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) could be synthesized in situ in acrylic dental resins. Methods: Light-cure (LC; bisphenol A glycidyl methacrylate, tetraethyleneglycol dimethacrylate, bisphenol A ethoxylate dimethacrylate blend) and chemical-cure systems (CC; orthodontic denture resin) were used to synthesize AgNPs using different concentrations of Ag benzoate (AgBz). Results: Rockwell hardness for LC resins showed that resins could be cured with up to 0.15% AgBz, while the hardness of CC resins were unaffected in the concentrations tested. UV-Vis spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy confirmed the presence of AgNPs in both LC and CC resins. Generally, CC resins had better distribution of and much smaller AgNPs as compared to LC resins overall. In some samples, especially in LC resins, nanoclusters were visible. An in vitro release study over four-weeks showed that CC resins released the most Ag+ ions, with release detected in all samples. However, LC resins only released Ag+ ions when AgBz concentration was greater than 0.1% (w/w). AgNP-loaded CC resins made with 0.2 and 0.5% (w/w) AgBz were tested for antibacterial activity in vitro against Streptococcus mutans, and results showed 52.4% and a 97.5% bacterial inhibition, respectively. Further work is now warranted to test mechanical properties and to optimize the initiator system to produce commercially useful dental and medical resins. Significance: Success in this work could lead to a series of antimicrobial medical and dental biomaterials that can prevent secondary caries and infection of implants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)322-328
Number of pages7
JournalDental Materials
Volume27
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2011

Keywords

  • Antimicrobial
  • Controlled release
  • Craniofacial
  • Dental materials
  • Orthopedic
  • Silver nanoparticles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Dentistry(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials

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