The objective of this study was to develop a new practical method to reconstruct a high-quality panoramic image in which radiographers would be free from the onerous task of correctly locating the patient's jaws within the image layer of the panoramic unit. In addition, dentists would be able to freely select any panoramic plane to be reconstructed after the acquisition of the raw scan data. A high-speed data acquisition device was used with a CdTe (cadmium telluride) semiconductor detector and a sophisticated digital signal-processing technique based on tomosynthesis was developed. The system processes many vertical strip images acquired with the detector and generates a high-resolution and high-contrast image. To apply the tomosynthesis technique to the acquired strip images correctly, the actual movement of the panoramic unit was measured, including the X-ray tube and detector, in a scan using a calibration phantom and the authors generated a shift amount table needed for the shift-andadd tomosynthesis operation. The results of the experiments with a PanoACT-1000 panoramic unit, which was a PC-1000® panoramic unit fitted with a high frame rate semiconductor detector SCAN-300FPC®, demonstrated the capability of a tomosynthesis technique which, when applied to the strip images of a dry skull phantom, could change the location and inclination of an imaging plane. This system allowed the extraction of an optimum-quality panoramic image regardless of irregularities in patient positioning. Moreover, the authors could freely reconstruct a fine image of an arbitrary plane with different parameters from those used in the original data acquisition to study fine anatomical details in specific locations.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging