Development of a deep learning model for dynamic forecasting of blood glucose level for type 2 diabetes mellitus: Secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial

Syed Hasib Akhter Faruqui, Yan Du, Rajitha Meka, Adel Alaeddini, Chengdong Li, Sara Shirinkam, Jing Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a major public health burden. Self-management of diabetes including maintaining a healthy lifestyle is essential for glycemic control and to prevent diabetes complications. Mobile-based health data can play an important role in the forecasting of blood glucose levels for lifestyle management and control of T2DM. Objective: The objective of this work was to dynamically forecast daily glucose levels in patients with T2DM based on their daily mobile health lifestyle data including diet, physical activity, weight, and glucose level from the day before. Methods: We used data from 10 T2DM patients who were overweight or obese in a behavioral lifestyle intervention using mobile tools for daily monitoring of diet, physical activity, weight, and blood glucose over 6 months. We developed a deep learning model based on long short-term memory-based recurrent neural networks to forecast the next-day glucose levels in individual patients. The neural network used several layers of computational nodes to model how mobile health data (food intake including consumed calories, fat, and carbohydrates; exercise; and weight) were progressing from one day to another from noisy data. Results: The model was validated based on a data set of 10 patients who had been monitored daily for over 6 months. The proposed deep learning model demonstrated considerable accuracy in predicting the next day glucose level based on Clark Error Grid and ±10% range of the actual values. Conclusions: Using machine learning methodologies may leverage mobile health lifestyle data to develop effective individualized prediction plans for T2DM management. However, predicting future glucose levels is challenging as glucose level is determined by multiple factors. Future study with more rigorous study design is warranted to better predict future glucose levels for T2DM management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere14452
JournalJMIR mHealth and uHealth
Volume7
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2019

Keywords

  • Glucose level prediction
  • Long short-term memory (LSTM)-based recurrent neural networks (RNNs)
  • Mobile health lifestyle data
  • Type 2 diabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics

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