Deuterium isotope effects and product studies for the oxidation of N(ω)-allyl-L-arginine and N(ω)-allyl-N(ω)-hydroxy-L-arginine by neuronal nitric oxide synthase

Jung Mi Hah, Linda J. Roman, Richard B. Silverman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

The nitric oxide synthases (NOS), which require heme, tetrahydrobiopterin, FMN, FAD, and NADPH, catalyze the O2-dependent conversion of L-arginine to L-citrulline and nitric oxide. N(ω)-Allyl-L-arginine, a mechanism-based inactivator of neuronal NOS, also is a substrate, producing L-arginine, acrolein, and H2O (Zhang, H. Q.; Dixon, R. P.; Marletta, M. A.; Nikolic, D.; Van Breemen, R.; Silverman, R. B. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1997, 119, 10888). Two possible mechanisms for this turnover are proposed, one initiated by allyl C-H bond cleavage and the other by guanidino N-H cleavage, and these mechanisms are investigated with the use of N(ω)-allyl-L-arginine (1), N(ω)-[1,1-2H2]allyl-L-arginine (7), N(ω)-allyl-N(ω)-hydroxy-L-arginine (2) and N(ω)-[1,1-2H2]allyl-N(ω)-hydroxy-L-arginine (8) as substrates. Significant isotope effects on the two kinetic parameters, k(cat) and k(cat)/K(m), are observed in case of 1 and 7 during turnover, but not with 2 and 8. No kinetic isotope effects are observed for either compound in their role as inactivators. These results support a mechanism involving initial C-H bond cleavage of N(ω)-allyl-L-arginine followed by hydroxylation and breakdown to products. Copyright (C) 2000.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1931-1936
Number of pages6
JournalBioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry
Volume8
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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