Determination of internal transcribed spacer regions (ITS) in Trichomonas vaginalis isolates and differentiation among Trichomonas species

Alexandra Ibáñez-Escribano, Juan José Nogal-Ruiz, Vicente J. Arán, José Antonio Escario, Alicia Gómez-Barrio, J. F. Alderete

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

The nucleotide sequence of the 5.8S rRNA gene and the flanked internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions of six Trichomonas vaginalis isolates with different metronidazole sensitivity and geographic origin were genotyped. A multiple sequence alignment was performed with different sequences of other isolates available at the GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ databases, which revealed 5 different sequence patterns. Although a stable mutation in position 66 of the ITS1 (C66T) was observed in 26% (9/34) of the T. vaginalis sequences analyzed, there was 99.7% ITS nucleotide sequence identity among isolates for this sequence. The nucleotide sequence variation among other species of the genus Trichomonas ranged from 3.4% to 9.1%. Surprisingly, the % identity between T. vaginalis and Pentatrichomonas hominis was ~. 83%. There was >. 40% divergence in the ITS sequence between T. vaginalis and Tritrichomonas spp., including Tritrichomonas augusta, Tritrichomonas muris, and Tritrichomonas nonconforma and with Tetratrichomonas prowazeki. Dendrograms grouped the trichomonadid sequences in robust clades according to their genera. The absence of nucleotide divergence in the hypervariable ITS regions between T. vaginalis isolates suggests the early divergence of the parasite. Importantly, these data show this ITS1-5.8S rRNA-ITS2 region suitable for inter-species differentiation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)427-431
Number of pages5
JournalParasitology International
Volume63
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Clades
  • Internal transcribed spacers (ITS)
  • Phylogenetic study
  • Protozoa
  • RDNA
  • Trichomonas vaginalis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Infectious Diseases

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