Determinants of intracranial aneurysm retreatment following embolization with a single flow-diverting stent

Justin E. Vranic, Pablo Harker, Christopher J. Stapleton, Robert W. Regenhardt, Adam A. Dmytriw, Naif M. Alotaibi, Rajiv Gupta, Thabele M. Leslie-Mazwi, Matthew J. Koch, Scott B. Raymond, Justin R. Mascitelli, T. Tyler Patterson, Joshua Seinfeld, Andrew White, David Case, Christopher Roark, Chirag D. Gandhi, Fawaz Al-Mufti, Jared Cooper, Aman B. Patel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Flow diverting stents have revolutionized the treatment of intracranial aneurysms through endoluminal reconstruction of the parent vessel. Despite this, certain aneurysms require retreatment. The purpose of this study was to identify clinical and radiologic determinants of aneurysm retreatment following flow diversion. Methods: A multicenter flow diversion database was evaluated to identify patients presenting with an unruptured, previously untreated aneurysm with a minimum of 12 months’ clinical and angiographic follow-up. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression modeling was performed to identify determinants of retreatment. Results: We identified 189 aneurysms treated in 189 patients with a single flow-diverting stent. Mean age was 54 years, and 89% were female. Complete occlusion was achieved in 70.3% and 83.6% of patients at six and 12 months, respectively. Aneurysm retreatment with additional flow-diverting stents occurred in 5.8% of cases. Univariate analysis revealed that dome diameter (Formula presented.) 10 mm (p = 0.012), pre-clinoid internal carotid artery location (p = 0.012), distal > proximal parent vessel diameter (p = 0.042), and later dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) discontinuation (p < 0.001) were predictive of retreatment. Multivariate analysis identified discontinuation of DAPT (Formula presented.) 12 months (p = 0.003) as a strong determinant of retreatment with dome diameter (Formula presented.) 10 mm trending toward statistical significance (p = 0.064). Large aneurysm neck diameter, presence of aneurysm branch vessels, patient age, smoking history, and hypertension were not determinant of retreatment on multivariate analysis. Conclusions: Prolonged DAPT is the most important determinant of aneurysm retreatment following single-device flow diversion. Abbreviating DAPT duration to only six months should be a consideration in this population, especially for patients with a large aneurysm dome diameter.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalNeuroradiology Journal
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Aneurysm
  • endovascular
  • flow diversion
  • retreatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Clinical Neurology

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