Detection of myeloma in skeleton of mice by whole-body optical fluorescence imaging

Babatunde O. Oyajobi, Steve Muñoz, Rami Kakonen, Paul J. Williams, Anjana Gupta, Christi L. Wideman, Beryl Story, Barry Grubbs, Allison Armstrong, William C. Dougall, I. Ross Garrett, Gregory R. Mundy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

59 Scopus citations


Development of new therapies for myeloma has been hindered by the lack of suitable preclinical animal models of the disease in which widespread tumor foci in the skeleton can be detected reliably. Traditional means of detecting skeletal tumor infiltration such as histopathology are cumbersome and labor-intensive and do not allow temporal monitoring of tumor progression or regression in response to therapy. To resolve this problem, we modified the Radl 5TGM1 model of myeloma bone disease such that fluorescent myeloma tumors can be optically imaged in situ. Here, we show that murine myeloma 5TGM1 tumor cells, engineered to express enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP; 5TGM1-eGFP cells), can be imaged in a temporal fashion using a fluorescence illuminator and a charge-coupled device camera in skeletons of live C57BL/KaLwRij mice. High-resolution, whole-body images of tumor-bearing mice revealed that myeloma cells homed almost exclusively to the skeleton, with multiple focal tumor foci in the axial skeleton, consistent with myeloma tumor distribution in humans. Finally, the tested antitumor treatment effect of Velcade (bortezomib), a proteasome inhibitor used clinically in myeloma, was readily detected by GFP imaging, suggesting the power of the technique in combination with the Radl 5TGM1-eGFP model for rapid preclinical assessment and sensitive monitoring of novel and potential therapeutics. Whole-body GFP imaging is practical, convenient, inexpensive, and rapid, and these advantages should enable a high throughput when evaluating in vivo efficacy of new potential antimyeloma therapeutics and assessing response to treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1701-1708
Number of pages8
JournalMolecular cancer therapeutics
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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