The stimulation of cyclic adenosine 3′, 5′ -monophosphate (cyclic AMP) accumulation by the depolarizing agents K+, ouabain and veratridine, was studied in rat and guinea pig spinal cord tissue slices. Significantly increased accumulation of cyclic AMP was produced by each of the agents in a concentration-dependent manner. Veratridine and ouabain were equipotent (EC50 = 5 × 10-5M) and approximately 500 fold more potent than K+ (EC50 = 10-2M). Depolarizing agent-induced cyclic AMP accumulation in slices from guinea pig spinal cord was approximately double the response in rat spinal cord. Maximum stimulation occurred within 2.5 min of incubation with these agents and lasted for at least 30 min. Regional studies demonstrated that the maximal accumulation of cyclic AMP occurred to a greater degree in tissue slices from the dorsal section of spinal cord from both rat and guinea pig. Whereas the ouabain and veratridine stimulatory responses are completely dependent on extracellular Ca++, the K+ response is only partially dependent. Stimulation due to ouabain and veratridine is dependent, and K+ is independent, of release of neurohumoral substances such as norepinephrine or adenosine from spinal neurons. These experiments indicate the possible modulatory role of depolarization-linked events in regulating the spinal cord cyclic AMP system.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)