Deoxypodophyllotoxin induces cytoprotective autophagy against apoptosis via inhibition of PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway in osteosarcoma U2OS cells

Sang Hun Kim, Kyo Min Son, Kwang Youn Kim, Sun Nyoung Yu, Sul Gi Park, Young Wook Kim, Hyo Won Nam, Jeung Tak Suh, Jae Hoon Ji, Soon Cheol Ahn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background A natural compound deoxypodophyllotoxin (DPT) possesses potent anti-proliferative and anti-tumor properties on several cancer types. It triggers cell cycle arrest followed by apoptosis through various cellular processes. However, it is limited to the action mechanism of DPT-mediated cell death modes via apoptosis and autophagy. Methods Cell viability assay, morphological changes, annexin-V/propidium iodide (PI) assay, reactive oxygen species (ROS), acridine orange staining, and Western blot analyses were evaluated. Results We demonstrated that DPT induced both apoptosis and autophagy via production of mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS). DPT suppressed the PI3 K/AKT/mTOR signaling cascades to lead autophagy process, resulting from conversion of light chain 3-I (LC3-I) into LC3-II and acidic vesicular organelles (AVOs) formation. Even if DPT-induced ROS were occurred in both apoptosis and autophagy, inhibition of ROS generation enhanced cell viability. Otherwise, 3-methyladeine (3-MA) impeding on autophagy accelerated an apoptotic response caused by DPT. Therefore, these findings suggest that DPT triggers cytoprotective autophagy against cytotoxic apoptosis. Conclusion Autophagy is required for cell survival by inhibition of apoptosis through down-regulation of PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway against DPT-induced apoptosis in U2OS cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)878-884
Number of pages7
JournalPharmacological Reports
Volume69
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • DPT
  • Deoxypodophyllotoxin
  • ROS
  • Reactive oxygen species

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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