Dendritic cell responses to surface properties of clinical titanium surfaces

Peng Meng Kou, Zvi Schwartz, Barbara D. Boyan, Julia E. Babensee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations


Dendritic cells (DCs) play pivotal roles in responding to foreign entities during the innate immune response and in initiating effective adaptive immunity as well as maintaining immune tolerance. The sensitivity of DCs to foreign stimuli also makes them useful cells to assess the inflammatory response to biomaterials. Elucidating material property-DC phenotype relationships using a well-defined biomaterial system is expected to provide criteria for immunomodulatory biomaterial design. Clinical titanium (Ti) substrates, including pretreatment (PT), sand blasted and acid etched (SLA), and modified SLA (modSLA), with different roughnesses and surface energies were used to treat DCs and resulted in differential DC responses. PT and SLA induced a mature DC (mDC) phenotype, while modSLA promoted a non-inflammatory environment by supporting an immature DC (iDC) phenotype, based on surface marker expression, cytokine production profiles and cell morphology. Principal component analysis (PCA) confirmed these experimental results, and also indicated that the non-stimulating property of modSLA covaried with certain surface properties, such as high surface hydrophilicity, percent oxygen and percent Ti of the substrates. In addition to previous research that demonstrated superior osteogenic properties of modSLA compared with PT and SLA, the results reported herein indicates that modSLA may further benefit implant osteointegration by reducing local inflammation and its associated osteoclastogenesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1354-1363
Number of pages10
JournalActa Biomaterialia
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2011


  • Dendritic cells
  • Immune response
  • Inflammation
  • Principal component analysis
  • Titanium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biomaterials
  • Biochemistry
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Molecular Biology


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