Demographic and Tumor Characteristic Impact on Laryngeal Cancer Outcomes in a Minority Underserved Patient Population

Tanner Fullmer, David C. Wilde, Justin W. Shi, Timothy Wagner, Heath Skinner, Susan A. Eicher, Vlad C. Sandulache, David J. Hernandez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: Advanced laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma remains associated with approximately 50% mortality at 5 years. Delivery of multimodality treatment remains critical to maximizing survival for this disease, but achieving this at a national level remains a difficult undertaking, particularly in under- and uninsured patients as well as minority patients. We sought to evaluate laryngeal cancer treatment delivery and clinical outcomes in a predominantly minority and underserved cohort of largely under- and uninsured patients in a county hospital. Study Design: Retrospective cohort study. Setting: Tertiary care county hospital in Houston, Texas. Subjects and Methods: Patients (N = 210) with a new diagnosis of laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma treated between 2005 and 2015 were included in a retrospective analysis of patient demographics, tumor and treatment characteristics, and oncologic outcomes. Results: The majority of patients presented with advanced disease (T4 = 43%, N>0 = 45%). Treatment selection was compliant with National Comprehensive Cancer Network guidelines in 81% of cases, but 76% of patients who required adjuvant radiotherapy were unable to start it within 6 weeks postsurgery. Overall survival and disease-free survival were 52% and 63% for the entire cohort, respectively. Supraglottic subsite and nodal metastases were significantly associated with decreased overall survival and disease-free survival. Race/ethnicity and insurance status were not associated with worse oncologic outcomes. Conclusion: Under- and uninsured patients often present with advanced laryngeal cancer. Oncologic outcomes in this cohort of patients is similar to that of other published series. Moreover, tumor characteristics rather than demographic variables drive oncologic outcomes for the predominantly minority and underserved patients seeking care in our tertiary care county hospital.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)888-896
Number of pages9
JournalOtolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery (United States)
Volume162
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2020

Keywords

  • head and neck cancer
  • laryngeal cancer
  • laryngectomy
  • minority
  • racial disparity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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