Delta Rhythm Orchestrates the Neural Activity Underlying the Resting State BOLD Signal via Phase-amplitude Coupling

Saul Jaime, Hong Gu, Brian F. Sadacca, Elliot A. Stein, Jose E. Cavazos, Yihong Yang, Hanbing Lu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Spontaneous ongoing neuronal activity is a prominent feature of the mammalian brain. Temporal and spatial patterns of such ongoing activity have been exploited to examine large-scale brain network organization and function. However, the neurophysiological basis of this spontaneous brain activity as detected by resting-state functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) remains poorly understood. To this end, multi-site local field potentials (LFP) and blood oxygenation leveldependent (BOLD) fMRI were simultaneously recorded in the rat striatum along with local pharmacological manipulation of striatal activity. Results demonstrate that delta (d) band LFP power negatively, while beta (β) and gamma (γ) band LFPs positively correlated with BOLD fluctuation. Furthermore, there was strong cross-frequency phase-amplitude coupling (PAC), with the phase of d LFPs significantly modulating the amplitude of the high frequency signal. Enhancing dopaminergic neuronal activity significantly reduced ventral striatal functional connectivity, d LFP-BOLD correlation, and the PAC effect. These data suggest that different frequency bands of the LFP contribute distinctively to BOLD spontaneous fluctuation and that PAC is the organizing mechanism through which low frequency LFPs orchestrate neural activity that underlies resting state functional connectivity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)119-133
Number of pages15
JournalCerebral Cortex
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019


  • BOLD
  • VTA
  • dopamine
  • spontaneous fluctuation
  • striatum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Cognitive Neuroscience


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