Delays in Surgical Intervention and Temporary Hemostasis Using Resuscitative Endovascular Balloon Occlusion of the aorta (REBOA): Influence of Time to Operating Room on Mortality

Ryo Yamamoto, Ramon F. Cestero, Mark T. Muir, Donald H. Jenkins, Brian J. Eastridge, Tomohiro Funabiki, Junichi Sasaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The optimal candidates for resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) remain unclear. We hypothesized that patients who experience delays in surgical intervention would benefit from REBOA. Methods: Using the Japan Trauma Databank (2014–2019), patients transferred to the operating room (OR) within 3 h were identified. Patients treated with REBOA were matched with those without REBOA using propensity scores, and further divided based on the transfer time to OR: ≤ 1 h (early), 1–2 h (delayed), and >2 h (significantly-delayed). Survival to discharge was compared. Results: Among 5258 patients, 310 underwent REBOA. In 223 matched pairs, patients treated with REBOA had improved survival (56.5% vs. 31.8%; p < 0.01), although in-hospital mortality was reduced by REBOA only in the delayed and significantly-delayed subgroups (HR = 0.43 [0.28–0.65] and 0.42 [0.25–0.71]). Conclusions: REBOA-treated trauma patients who experience delays in surgical intervention (>1 h) have improved survival.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1485-1491
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican journal of surgery
Volume220
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2020

Keywords

  • Resuscitation
  • Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta
  • Trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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