Defining T-cell-mediated immune responses in rotavirus-infected juvenile rhesus macaques

K. Sestak, M. M. McNeal, A. Choi, M. J. Cole, G. Ramesh, X. Alvarez, P. P. Aye, R. P. Bohm, M. Mohamadzadeh, R. L. Ward

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations


The appearance of virus-specific CD4+ and/or CD8+ T lymphocytes in peripheral blood of captive juvenile rhesus macaques (Macaco mulatto) was observed following rotavirus infection. These cell-mediated immune responses were measured following experimental or natural infection after rotavirus was isolated from stool specimens of asymptomatic animals. The virus isolated was a new strain of simian rotavirus that we named TUCH (for Tulane University and Cincinnati Children's Hospital). Restimulation of peripheral T lymphocytes by inactivated double- or triple-layered TUCH rotavirus particles containing either VP6 or VP4 and VP7 on their respective surfaces resulted in increased quantities of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and IL-12 in cell culture supernatants. Recall responses to rotavirus by CD4+ and CD8 + T lymphocytes were associated with accumulation of intracellular IL-6 and gamma interferon. Antigen presentation of TUCH rotavirus to lymphocytes was mediated via differentiated cultures of monocyte-derived dendritic (HLA-DR+) cells. This is the first report demonstrating cell-mediated immune responses to rotavirus in nonhuman primates. Further exploration of rhesus macaques in vaccine trials with human rotavirus vaccine candidates is the major objective of future studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10258-10264
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of virology
Issue number19
StatePublished - Oct 2004
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Insect Science
  • Virology
  • Microbiology
  • Immunology


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