Deficits in synaptic transmission and learning in amyloid precursor protein (APP) transgenic mice require C-terminal cleavage of APP

Michael J. Saganich, Brock E. Schroeder, Veronica Galvan, Dale E. Bredesen, Edward H. Koo, Stephen F. Heinemann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

95 Scopus citations

Abstract

Synaptic dysfunction has been shown to be one of the earliest correlates of disease progression in animal models of Alzheimer's disease. Amyloid-β protein (Aβ) is thought to play an important role in disease-related synaptic dysfunction, but the mechanism by which Aβ leads to synaptic dysfunction is not understood. Here we describe evidence that cleavage of APP in the C terminus may be necessary for the deficits present in APP transgenic mice. In APP transgenic mice with a mutated cleavage site at amino acid 664, normal synaptic transmission, synaptic plasticity, and learning were maintained despite the presence of elevated levels of APP, Aβ42, and even plaque accumulation. These results indicate that cleavage of APP may play a critical role in the development of synaptic and behavioral dysfunction in APP transgenic mice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13428-13436
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume26
Issue number52
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 27 2006

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Amyloid
  • Aβ-peptide
  • Hippocampus
  • LTP
  • Learning memory
  • Potentiation
  • Schaffer collateral terminals
  • Spatial memory
  • Synaptic plasticity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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