Several normal and lpr/lpr congenic mouse strains were immunized with an autoantigen (Sm) and a conventional antigen (PPD) and tested for their respective in vitro proliferative responses. All normal strains of mice demonstrated a brisk proliferative response to Sm and PPD on days 3 and 5 of culture. Two month old mice bearing the lpr gene demonstrated a proliferative response to the two antigens only on day 3, while by day 5 of culture, the proliferative response was markedly diminished. Mixing experiments between +/+ and lpr/lpr Sm primed lymph node cells ruled out the influence of a suppressor cell within the lpr/lpr population at day 5. The inability to sustain an in vitro proliferative response to antigen in young lpr/lpr mice was not due to an overall T cell defect nor to in vitro cell death since Con A stimulation and viability were the same in cultures containing lpr/lpr and +/+ LN, cells, respectively. The primary defect may be partly attributed to a defect in interleukin-2 (IL-2) production and response. By day 5 of culture, lpr/lpr supernatants contained much lower levels of IL-2 activity compared to supernatants from +/+ cultures. The addition of exogenous IL-2 was only moderately successful in improving the response falling far below that seen when IL-2 was added to +/+ cultures. This study demonstrates a decrease in autoantigen-induced T cell proliferation in mice that spontaneously produce autoantibodies to that antigen.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Clinical and Experimental Immunology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1984|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy