Defective LN cell proliferative response to Sm antigen in mice bearing the lpr gene

H. Dang, M. Fischbach, V. Fey, N. Talal

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Abstract

Several normal and lpr/lpr congenic mouse strains were immunized with an autoantigen (Sm) and a conventional antigen (PPD) and tested for their respective in vitro proliferative responses. All normal strains of mice demonstrated a brisk proliferative response to Sm and PPD on days 3 and 5 of culture. Two month old mice bearing the lpr gene demonstrated a proliferative response to the two antigens only on day 3, while by day 5 of culture, the proliferative response was markedly diminished. Mixing experiments between +/+ and lpr/lpr Sm primed lymph node cells ruled out the influence of a suppressor cell within the lpr/lpr population at day 5. The inability to sustain an in vitro proliferative response to antigen in young lpr/lpr mice was not due to an overall T cell defect nor to in vitro cell death since Con A stimulation and viability were the same in cultures containing lpr/lpr and +/+ LN, cells, respectively. The primary defect may be partly attributed to a defect in interleukin-2 (IL-2) production and response. By day 5 of culture, lpr/lpr supernatants contained much lower levels of IL-2 activity compared to supernatants from +/+ cultures. The addition of exogenous IL-2 was only moderately successful in improving the response falling far below that seen when IL-2 was added to +/+ cultures. This study demonstrates a decrease in autoantigen-induced T cell proliferation in mice that spontaneously produce autoantibodies to that antigen.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)361-370
Number of pages10
JournalClinical and Experimental Immunology
Volume56
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1984

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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