Decreased basal hepatic glucose uptake in impaired fasting glucose

Mariam Alatrach, Christina Agyin, John Adams, Ralph A Defronzo, Muhammad A Abdul-ghani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aims/hypothesis: This research aimed to define the pathophysiological defects responsible for the elevated fasting plasma glucose (FPG) concentration and excessive rise in post-load plasma glucose observed in individuals with impaired fasting glucose (IFG). Methods: We used tracer techniques to quantify basal splanchnic (primarily hepatic) glucose uptake and glucose fluxes following glucose ingestion in individuals with normal glucose tolerance (NGT; n = 10) and IFG (n = 10). Results: Individuals with IFG had a comparable basal rate of hepatic glucose production to those with NGT (15.2 ± 0.2 vs 18.0 ± 0.8 μmol min−1 [kg lean body mass (LBM)]−1; p = 0.09). However, they had a significantly reduced glucose clearance rate during the fasting state compared with NGT (2.64 ± 0.11 vs 3.62 ± 0.20 ml min−1 [kg LBM]−1; p < 0.01). The difference between the basal rate of glucose appearance measured with [3-3H]glucose and [1-14C]glucose, which represent basal splanchnic glucose uptake, was significantly reduced in IFG compared with NGT (1.39 ± 0.28 vs 3.16 ± 0.44 μmol min−1 [kg LBM]−1; p = 0.02). Following glucose ingestion, the total amount of exogenous glucose that appeared in the systemic circulation was not significantly different between groups. However, suppression of endogenous glucose production (EGP) was markedly impaired in individuals with IFG. Conclusions/interpretation: These results demonstrate that decreased tissue (liver) glucose uptake, not enhanced EGP, is the cause for elevated FPG concentration in individuals with IFG, while the excessive rise in plasma glucose concentration following a glucose load in these individuals is the result of impaired suppression of hepatic glucose production.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalDiabetologia
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Mar 22 2017

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Keywords

  • Hepatic glucose production
  • Hepatic glucose uptake
  • Impaired fasting glucose

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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