Decrease in alpha-1 antiproteinase antitrypsin is observed in primary Sjogren’s syndrome condition

Brij B. Singh, Joyce Ohm, Fredice O. Quenum Zanbede, Pooja Chauhan, Frans G.M. Kroese, Arjan Vissink, Julian L. Ambrus, Bibhuti B. Mishra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Primary Sjogren’s syndrome (pSS) is a systemic autoimmune disease that is characterized by the infiltration of immune cells. Although the loss of salivary gland function is a major manifestation observed in pSS, the factors that could promote these changes in salivary gland tissue in pSS is not yet determined. Herein, we provide evidence that loss of alpha-1 antiproteinase antitrypsin could contribute to the induction of pSS. Alpha-1 antiproteinase antitrypsin belongs to the family of serpin proteins that function as protease inhibitors and protect secretory cells against proteases, especially to elastases that is secreted from lymphocytes. Importantly, expression of alpha-1 antiproteinase antitrypsin was decreased (more than 3-fold), along with an increase in elastase expression, in pSS samples when compared with age-matched non-SS-SICCA patients. Consistent with the human data, loss of alpha-1 antiproteinase antitrypsin, as well as an increase in immune infiltration, was observed in IL14α transgenic mice that exhibit SS like symptoms. Moreover, an age-dependent increase in elastase expression was observed in IL14α transgenic mice along with a decrease in total saliva secretion. Importantly, a 4-fold increase in microRNA132 expression, but not in other microRNAs, and increased DNA methylation in the promoter/noncoding region of serpina gene was observed in pSS, which could be responsible for the inhibition of alpha-1 antiproteinase antitrypsin expression in salivary gland cells of pSS patients. Together, these findings demonstrate that epigenetic regulations that include DNA methylation and microRNAs that could modulate the expression of alpha-1 antiproteinase antitrypsin in salivary glands and could be involved in the onset of pSS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)270-282
Number of pages13
JournalAutoimmunity
Volume53
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 3 2020

Keywords

  • DNA methylation
  • Sjogren’s syndrome
  • alpha-1 antiproteinase antitrypsin
  • microRNAs
  • salivary glands

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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  • Cite this

    Singh, B. B., Ohm, J., Quenum Zanbede, F. O., Chauhan, P., Kroese, F. G. M., Vissink, A., Ambrus, J. L., & Mishra, B. B. (2020). Decrease in alpha-1 antiproteinase antitrypsin is observed in primary Sjogren’s syndrome condition. Autoimmunity, 53(5), 270-282. https://doi.org/10.1080/08916934.2020.1768376