Data standards: At the intersection of sites, clinical research networks, and standards development initiatives

Brian McCourt, Robert A. Harrington, Kathleen Fox, Carol Dukes Hamilton, Kimberly Booher, William E. Hammond, Anita Walden, Meredith Nahm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Interactions between the health care and clinical research communities are currently inefficient. The present environment forces unnecessary redundancy, from the capture of patient data in the clinician-patient encounter to multiple uses of that data. Clinical research operations must become more integrated with health care processes to improve efficiencies in both patient care and research. Achieving a single instance of data capture to serve the combined needs of both environments should facilitate translation of knowledge from research into better patient care. A critical first step in achieving true interoperability is to develop formal data standards that are then adopted by the larger health care and research communities. The rewards of interoperability include streamlined subject screening and enrollment procedures, improved reporting, merging and subsequent analysis of clinical data sets, and expansion of knowledge made possible by leveraging research data and results from other domains in the health care community - all of which would increase the quality of patient care. The aggregation of data across multiple sites and the subsequent reuse of that data do face challenges, particularly in ensuring patient privacy; however, these can be overcome by technological innovation and consensus-building among stakeholders. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)393-404
Number of pages12
JournalDrug Information Journal
Volume41
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Clinical data standards
  • Data elements
  • Data reporting
  • Functional interoperability
  • Semantic interoperability
  • Terminology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (nursing)
  • Drug guides
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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