Daily Breastmilk Volume in Mothers of Very Low Birth Weight Neonates: A Repeated-Measures Randomized Trial of Hand Expression Versus Electric Breast Pump Expression

Mary M. Lussier, Elizabeth A. Brownell, Tracey A. Proulx, Donna M. Bielecki, Kathleen A. Marinelli, Sandra L. Bellini, James I. Hagadorn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: There are no randomized trials comparing early exclusive hand expression (HE) with early exclusive electric pump expression (electric expression [EE]) for milk removal in mothers of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. Subjects and Methods: Mothers of VLBW infants were randomized to exclusively HE or EE for the first 7 days postpartum. Daily volumes of milk were compared between groups for the first 28 days, adjusting for repeated measures. Results: The HE (n=12) and the EE (n=14) groups did not differ with respect to age, parity, single versus multiple gestation, or number of expression sessions per day. There were 728 values for daily milk volumes in the first 28 days, including 105 HE and 623 EE. Mothers using exclusive HE had significantly (p<0.05) less cumulative daily milk production throughout the first 7 days postpartum compared with exclusive EE. Mean cumulative milk production among mothers using HE in the first postpartum week remained approximately half that of those using the electric pump throughout the first 28 days, without evident catch up. In multivariable analysis, each postpartum day was associated with an adjusted increase of 50 mL of human milk/day during the first 7 days postpartum and an increase of 13 mL/day between postpartum Days 8 and 28. After adjusting for repeated measures, number of expression sessions per day, and postpartum day, EE was associated with an advantage in milk production of 119 mL/day during the first 28 postpartum days compared with HE. Conclusions: Compared with mothers using EE, mothers using HE had significantly less cumulative daily milk production during the first 7 days postpartum. This trend continued after the intervention had been discontinued, and the great majority of expressions in both groups were with EE. Further research to confirm and expand these findings is warranted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)312-317
Number of pages6
JournalBreastfeeding Medicine
Volume10
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics
  • Health Policy
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Maternity and Midwifery

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