Store-operated calcium entry (SOCE) is required for polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMN) activation in response to G protein-coupled agonists. Some immunocytes express proteins homologous to the Drosophila transient receptor potential gene (trp) calcium channel. TRP proteins assemble into heterotetrameric ion channels and are known to support SOCE in overexpression systems, but the evidence that TRP proteins support SOCE and are functionally important in wild-type cells remains indirect. We therefore studied the expression and function of TRP proteins in primary human PMN. TRPC1, TRPC3, TRPC4, and TRPC6 were all expressed as mRNA as well as membrane proteins. Immunofluorescence microscopy demonstrated localization of TRPC1, TRPC3, and TRPC4 to the PMN cell membrane and their internalization after cytoskeletal reorganization by calyculin A (CalyA). Either TRPC internalization by CalyA or treatment with the inositol triphosphate receptor inhibitor 2-aminoethoxydiphenyl borane resulted in the loss of PMN SOCE. Cytochalasin D (CytoD) disrupts actin filaments, thus preventing cytoskeletal reorganization, and pretreatment with CytoD rescued PMN SOCE from inhibition by CalyA. Comparative studies of CytoD and 2-aminoethoxydiphenyl borane inhibition of PMN cationic entry after thapsigargin or platelet-activating factor suggested that SOCE occurs through both calcium-specific and nonspecific pathways. Taken together, these studies suggest that the multiple TRPC proteins expressed by human PMN participate in the formation of at least two store-operated calcium channels that have differing ionic permeabilities and regulatory characteristics.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy