CYP2D6, GST-MI and GST-TI enzymes: Expression in parathyroid gland and association with the parathyroid hormone concentration during early renal replacement therapy

Feng Xiang Yan, M. Chris Langub, Mark A. Ihnen, Carlton Hornung, Erkki Juronen, Mary K. Rayens, Wei Min Cai, Peter J. Wedlund, Paolo Fanti

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Abstract

Aims: The purpose of this research was to characterize CYP2D6, GST-M1 and GST-T1 enzyme expression in human parathyroid tissue, and to determine whether or not there is any association between deficiencies in these enzymes and serum parathyroid hormone concentrations in patients with end-stage renal disease. Methods: Surgical human parathyroid tissue was obtained and evaluated by immunohistochemistry for cellular localization of CYP2D6, GST-M1 and GST-T1 and colocalization of CYP2D6 with parathyroid hormone. Blood samples were collected from 328 Caucasian patients with end-stage renal disease for genetic testing of CYP2D6*3, *4, *5, *6, *7 and GST-M1*0 and GST-T1*0 alleles. Clinical chemistry data and serum intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) concentrations were obtained from patient medical records. In 277 of the patients, the same laboratory performed all clinical tests. Results: CYP2D6, GST-M1 and GST-T1 were present in human parathyroid tissue. CYP2D6 was colocalized with parathyroid hormone in parathyroid chief cells. Within the end-stage renal disease population, a nonfunctional CYP2D6 genotype was present in 18.2% [95% confidence interval (CI) 8.0, 28.4] of patients in the 1st iPTH concentration quintile (iPTH <64 pg mL-1), in 0% (95% CI 0, 7.5) of those in the 2nd quintile, in 1.8% (95% CI 0, 9.3) of those in the 3rd quintile, in 9.1% (95% CI 1.5, 16.7) of those in the 4th quintile, and in 1.6.7% (95% CI 6.8, 26.5) of those in the 5th quintile (iPTH >347 pg mL-1) (P = 0.001). Out of 12 CYP2D6-deficient females, seven were in the 1st iPTH concentration quintile and the remaining five were in the 5th quintile. Patients deficient in the GST-M1 and GST-T1 enzymes displayed a far more uniform frequency distribution relative to serum iPTH concentrations. Conclusions: The presence of CYP2D6, GST-M1 and GST-T1 in parathyroid cells was observed. An association is reported between a lack of CYP2D6 and iPTH concentrations in newly diagnosed end-stage renal disease patients. Gender and concomitant deficiency in GST-M1 and/or GST-T1 appear to define this association further. It remains to be established whether these associations reflect a cause-effect relationship between deficient expression of metabolizing enzymes and severity of secondary manifestation of renal failure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)68-77
Number of pages10
JournalBritish Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Volume56
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2003

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Keywords

  • Gender
  • Genotype
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Plant alkaloids
  • Polymorphism
  • Renal failure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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