Cyclic AMP Inhibits Extracellular Signal-regulated Kinase and Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase/Akt Pathways by Inhibiting Rap1

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

95 Scopus citations


Cyclic AMP inhibited both ERK and Akt activities in rat C6 glioma cells. A constitutively active form of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) prevented cAMP from inhibiting Akt, suggesting that the inactivation of Akt by cAMP is a consequence of PI3K inhibition. Neither protein kinase A nor Epac (Exchange protein directly activated by cAMP), two known direct effectors of cAMP, mediated the cAMP-induced inhibition of ERK and Akt phosphorylation. Cyclic AMP inhibited Rap1 activation in C6 cells. Moreover, inhibition of Rap1 by a Rap1 GTPase-activating protein-1 also resulted in a decrease in ERK and Akt phosphorylation, which was not further decreased by cAMP, suggesting that cAMP inhibits ERK and Akt by inhibiting Rap1. The role of Rap1 in ERK and Akt activity was further demonstrated by our observation that an active form of Epac, which activated Rap1 in the absence of cAMP, increased ERK and Akt phosphorylation. Inhibition of ERK and/or PI3K pathways mediated the inhibitory effects of cAMP on insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and IGF-binding protein-3 gene expression. Moreover, cAMP, as well as ERK and PI3K inhibitors produced equivalent stimulation and inhibition, respectively, of p27 Kip1 and cyclin D2 protein levels, potentially explaining the observation that cAMP prevented C6 cells from entering S phase.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)37242-37249
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number40
StatePublished - Oct 5 2001


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this