Cutting the Fat: The Genetic Dissection of Body Weight

Anthony G. Comuzzie, Paul B. Higgins, Saroja Voruganti, Shelley Cole

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    7 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Variation in body weight and composition, as well as adipose tissue function, is regulated by environmental and genetic factors, combined with a variety of interactions, including environment-by-environment, gene-by-gene, and gene-by-environment interactions. Although the recent increase in obesity can in large part be attributed to the increased availability of low-cost but energy-dense foods and an increasingly sedentary lifestyle throughout most of the developed world, the impact of these factors is more pronounced in individuals who are genetically susceptible to these environmental insults. Hence, it is likely to be the response of an individual's genetic background to a given environment that determines susceptibility to obesity. Candidate gene studies, genome-wide linkage studies, and more recently genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have been used to decipher the effect of genetics on obesity. Heritability estimates suggest that 40–70% of the variation in obesity-related phenotypes is attributable to underlying genetic variation. To date, the findings from human cohort studies (both family and case/control studies) summarized in this chapter suggest that there are likely numerous genes impacting the expression of obesity-related phenotypes, with many of these genes seeming to have modest effects. The establishment of many population-based studies that have collected genome-wide data on genetic variation has recently led to the formation of multiple consortia facilitating powerful meta-analyses in order to identify additional genetic variation influencing obesity-related traits through GWAS, as well as to replicate and further characterize previously identified genetic variants and their gene regions. These consortia may have the power to elucidate how genetic and environmental factors act and interact to produce variation in obesity-related phenotypes.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Title of host publicationProgress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science
    Pages197-212
    Number of pages16
    EditionC
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 1 2010

    Publication series

    NameProgress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science
    NumberC
    Volume94
    ISSN (Print)1877-1173
    ISSN (Electronic)1878-0814

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    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Molecular Medicine
    • Molecular Biology

    Cite this

    Comuzzie, A. G., Higgins, P. B., Voruganti, S., & Cole, S. (2010). Cutting the Fat: The Genetic Dissection of Body Weight. In Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science (C ed., pp. 197-212). (Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science; Vol. 94, No. C). https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-375003-7.00007-8