Cultured neonatal Schwann cells contain and secrete neuregulins

T. D. Raabe, D. R. Clive, T. J. Neuberger, D. Wen, G. H. DeVries

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

65 Scopus citations

Abstract

Neuregulins have become the focus of intense research due to their putative roles in the etiology of certain cancers and to their evolving roles in PNS and CNS development. Evidence has been presented that neuregulins are present in neuronal cells where they act as mediators of neuron-glial signaling. Consistent with this view, we now report that there is a dramatic differential response of Schwann cells to the two major isoforms of neu differentiation factor (NDFα and NDFβ). NDFβ is a potent mitogen, whereas NDFα is nonmitogenic for Schwann cells. In addition, we report that Schwann cells contain endogenous NDF as well as the mRNA for both isoforms of NDF. Evidence is also presented that several isoforms of NDF are released from cultured Schwann cells. Our data suggest that in addition to functioning as a neuron-glial mediator, endogenous neoregulins may function in an autocrine/paracrine loop or in a juxtacrine- (cell-to-cell) mediated signal between individual Schwann cells or between Schwann cells and neurons.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)263-270
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Neuroscience Research
Volume46
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • autocrine
  • neu differentiation factor
  • Schwann cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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