Culture on a native bone marrow-derived extracellular matrix restores the pancreatic islet basement membrane, preserves islet function, and attenuates islet immunogenicity

Hanzhou Wang, Shengxian Li, Qiuxia Dai, Aaron Gonzalez, Olivia N. Tran, Haiyan Sun, Ralph A. DeFronzo, David D. Dean, Chih Ko Yeh, Xiao Dong Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Islet transplantation in man is limited by multiple factors including islet availability, islet cell damage caused by collagenase during isolation, maintenance of islet function between isolation and transplantation, and allograft rejection. In this study, we describe a new approach for preparing islets that enhances islet function in vitro and reduces immunogenicity. The approach involves culture on native decellularized 3D bone marrow-derived extracellular matrix (3D-ECM), which contains many of the matrix components present in pancreas, prior to islet transplantation. Compared to islets cultured on tissue culture plastic (TCP), islets cultured on 3D-ECM exhibited greater attachment, higher survival rate, increased insulin content, and enhanced glucose-stimulated insulin secretion. In addition, culture of islets on 3D-ECM promoted recovery of vascular endothelial cells within the islets and restored basement membrane-related proteins (eg, fibronectin and collagen type VI). More interestingly, culture on 3D-ECM also selectively decontaminated islets of “passenger” cells (co-isolated with the islets) and restored basement membrane-associated type VI collagen, which were associated with an attenuation in islet immunogenicity. These results demonstrate that this novel approach has promise for overcoming two major issues in human islet transplantation: (a) poor yield of islets from donated pancreas tissue and (b) the need for life-long immunosuppression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8044-8056
Number of pages13
JournalFASEB Journal
Volume34
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2020

Keywords

  • extracellular matrix
  • immune tolerance
  • insulin secretion
  • pancreatic islets
  • vascular endothelial cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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