Cross-ID: Analysis and Visualization of Complex XL-MS-Driven Protein Interaction Networks

Sebastiaan C. De Graaf, Oleg Klykov, Henk Van Den Toorn, Richard A. Scheltema

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Protein interactions enable much more complex behavior than the sum of the individual protein parts would suggest and represents a level of biological complexity requiring full understanding when unravelling cellular processes. Cross-linking mass spectrometry has emerged as an attractive approach to study these interactions, and recent advances in mass spectrometry and data analysis software have enabled the identification of thousands of cross-links from a single experiment. The resulting data complexity is, however, difficult to understand and requires interactive software tools. Even though solutions are available, these represent an agglomerate of possibilities, and each features its own input format, often forcing manual conversion. Here we present Cross-ID, a visualization platform that links directly into the output of XlinkX for Proteome Discoverer but also plays well with other platforms by supporting a user-controllable text-file importer. The platform includes features like grouping, spectral viewer, gene ontology (GO) enrichment, post-translational modification (PTM) visualization, domains and secondary structure mapping, data set comparison, previsualization overlap check, and more. Validation of detected cross-links is available for proteins and complexes with known structure or for protein complexes through the DisVis online platform ( Graphs are exportable in PDF format, and data sets can be exported in tab-separated text files for evaluation through other software.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)642-651
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Proteome Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • DisVis
  • XL-MS
  • XL-TMT
  • XlinkX
  • complex protein mixtures
  • cross-linking mass spectrometry
  • protein-protein interactions
  • proteome-wide cross-linking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • Biochemistry


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