CROI 2015: Advances in antiretroviral therapy

Susan A. Olender, Barbara Taylor, Marcia Wong, Timothy J. Wilkin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations


The 2015 Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections included new and exciting advances in the realm of antiretroviral therapy. The Temprano trial demonstrated benefits from early antiretroviral therapy and isoniazid preventive therapy. Important data on investigational antiretroviral drugs were presented, including tenofovir alafenamide fumarate and BMS-955176, an HIV-1 maturation inhibitor. Novel data on the HIV care continuum from resource-rich and-limited settings highlighted persistent sex-and racerelated disparities in care engagement, and the crucial need to bring HIV testing and care into the community to improve engagement across the care continuum. Life expectancy data from resource-limited settings reveal dramatic improvements across sub-Saharan Africa, although people with HIV still live 5 years to 10 years less than those without HIV, and new costeffectiveness research revealed that the price of antiretroviral therapy itself remains a key driver of cost and cost-effectiveness calculations. Results from the PROMISE trial showed reduced rates of mother-to-child transmission among women who received antiretroviral therapy with 3 drugs compared with women who received zidovudine monotherapy, supporting current World Health Organization guidelines.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)28-45
Number of pages18
JournalTopics in antiviral medicine
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2015



  • Antiretroviral therapy
  • Care cascade
  • CROI 2015
  • Cure
  • HIV
  • Mother-to-child transmission
  • MTCT
  • Resistance
  • Resource-limited settings

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Pharmacology
  • Virology

Cite this

Olender, S. A., Taylor, B., Wong, M., & Wilkin, T. J. (2015). CROI 2015: Advances in antiretroviral therapy. Topics in antiviral medicine, 23(1), 28-45.