Crises não-epilépticas: Clínica e terapêutica

Translated title of the contribution: Nonepileptic seizures: Clinical features and therapeutics

Guilherme Nogueira Mendes De Oliveira, João Vinícius Salgado, Eduardo Portela, Sílvio Roberto Sousa Pereira, Antônio Lúcio Teixeira

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


To discuss paroxysmal events that mimic epileptic seizures with emphasis on their semiologic differences and therapeutic perspectives. We did a narrative review of the literature based on selected papers in Medline and Bireme after searching for the uniterms "non-epileptic seizures" and "psychogenic seizures". Nonepileptic seizures (NES) can be classified in physiological (syncope, migraine, transitory ischemic attack) and psychogenic (voluntary or involuntary). The gold-standard in the differentiation of epileptic and nonepileptic seizures is the video-electroencefalogram, but many semiologic features can contribute to this process. The treatment of NES is based mainly on psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy directed to comorbid psychiatric disorders. Despite the high prevalence and elevated morbidity of the NES, there are just few studies on this subject in the Brazilian literature. There are many diagnostic and therapeutic challenges related to NES. Hence, psychiatrists should be aware of the occurrence of NES, avoiding iatrogenic interventions such as the unnecessary administration of anti-epileptic drugs.

Translated title of the contributionNonepileptic seizures: Clinical features and therapeutics
Original languagePortuguese
Pages (from-to)52-56
Number of pages5
JournalJornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Diagnosis; treatment
  • Epilepsy
  • Nonepileptic seizure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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