Crestal bone response to loaded zirconia and titanium implants: a radiographic and histometric analysis in canines

Corinne E. Oeschger, Dieter D. Bosshardt, Stefan Roehling, Michael Gahlert, David L. Cochran, Simone F.M. Janner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Objectives: To evaluate the crestal bone response to a two-piece zirconia implant compared with a control titanium implant using periapical radiographs (PAs) and histometry. Materials and methods: Thirty zirconia and 30 titanium implants were placed in healed posterior mandibles of five canines. Full-ceramic single-tooth restorations were cemented after 6 weeks of healing. Three observers measured the distance between the implant shoulder and the crestal bone (DIB) at placement, loading, and harvesting after 4 or 16 weeks in function. The influence of implant material and loading time on DIB as well as the inter-observer agreement were analyzed. Additionally, histometric distance between implant shoulder and most coronal bone-to-implant contact (IS-cBIC) was compared with DIB. Results: Mean DIB values increased between 4 and 16 weeks of loading for both zirconia (from 1.66 to 2.25 mm; P < 0.0001) and titanium (from 1.81 to 1.95 mm; P = 0.06). Zirconia yielded mean IS-cBIC values of 2.18 mm and 2.48 mm (P < 0.001) and titanium 2.23 mm and 2.34 mm (P = 0.27) after 4 and 16 weeks, respectively. The raters reached an excellent intraclass correlation coefficient. PAs underestimated the bone loss on average by 0.39 mm. Conclusions: Zirconia implants showed a greater increase of DIB during early healing and function than titanium. Clinical relevance: Crestal peri-implant tissue dimensions may show more pronounced changes around two-piece zirconia implants during early healing. PAs may underestimate peri-implant bone loss.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3609-3617
Number of pages9
JournalClinical Oral Investigations
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1 2020


  • Crestal bone
  • Dental implants
  • Osseointegration
  • Radiographic analysis
  • Zirconia implants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Crestal bone response to loaded zirconia and titanium implants: a radiographic and histometric analysis in canines'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this