Craniosynostosis and Resynostosis

C. D. Hermann, S. L. Hyzy, R. Olivares-Navarrete, M. Walker, J. K. Williams, B. D. Boyan, Z. Schwartz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Craniosynostosis occurs in approximately 1 in 2,000 children and results from the premature fusion of ≥1 cranial sutures. If left untreated, craniosynostosis can cause numerous complications as related to an increase in intracranial pressure or as a direct result from cranial deformities, or both. More than 100 known mutations may cause syndromic craniosynostosis, but the majority of cases are nonsyndromic, occurring as isolated defects. Most cases of craniosynostosis require complex cranial vault reconstruction that is associated with a high risk of morbidity. While the first operation typically has few complications, bone rapidly regrows in up to 40% of children who undergo it. This resynostosis typically requires additional surgical intervention, which can be associated with a high incidence of life-threatening complications. This article reviews work related to the dental and maxillofacial implications of craniosynostosis and discusses clinically relevant animal models related to craniosynostosis and resynostosis. In addition, information is provided on the imaging modalities used to study cranial defects in animals and humans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)846-852
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of dental research
Volume95
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2016

Keywords

  • animal models
  • maxillofacial
  • osteogenesis
  • review
  • sutures
  • three-dimensional imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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