Covariation of psychological attributes and incident coronary heart disease in U.S. Air Force veterans of the Vietnam war

Stephen H. Boyle, Joel E Michalek, Edward C. Suarez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present investigation was to examine the prospective associations of hostility, anger, depression, and anxiety, alone and in combination, to incident coronary heart disease (CHD). METHODS: Subjects were 2105 men who participated in the Air Force Health Study, a 20-year study designed to evaluate the effects of herbicide exposure on various health outcomes in Air Force veterans of Operation Ranch Hand. Psychological attributes were assessed in 1985 using scales constructed from the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory. Participants were followed for an average of 15 years for evidence of ischemic heart disease (International Classification of Diseases codes 410-414, 428.4, or 36). The relation between psychological attributes and CHD was examined with Cox proportional hazard models. RESULTS: Adjusting for CHD risk factors, depression, anxiety, hostility, and trait anger were significant predictors of incident CHD. In addition, a factor analytically derived psychological risk factor composite score was the strongest predictor of CHD. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that the covariation of hostility, anger, depression, and anxiety accounts for the increased risk of CHD associated with each individual factor. The results of this study challenge the conventional approach of examining these psychological attributes in isolation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)844-850
Number of pages7
JournalPsychosomatic Medicine
Volume68
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2006

Fingerprint

Vietnam
Veterans
Coronary Disease
Air
Psychology
Hostility
Anger
Anxiety
Depression
MMPI
Health
Herbicides
International Classification of Diseases
Proportional Hazards Models
Myocardial Ischemia
Warfare
Hand

Keywords

  • Anger
  • Anxiety
  • Coronary heart disease
  • Depression
  • Hostility
  • Men

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Covariation of psychological attributes and incident coronary heart disease in U.S. Air Force veterans of the Vietnam war. / Boyle, Stephen H.; Michalek, Joel E; Suarez, Edward C.

In: Psychosomatic Medicine, Vol. 68, No. 6, 11.2006, p. 844-850.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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