Heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G-proteins) can be categorized into molecularly divergent groups by their differential sensitivity to pertussis toxin. Receptors specifically use either pertussis toxin-sensitive or -insensitive G-proteins to couple to specific effectors. Receptor stimulation of phospholipase C, however, is pertussis toxin sensitive in some systems and pertussis toxin insensitive in others. We studied the coupling of receptors to phospholipase C by expressing receptors from both systems into a single cell, the Xenopus oocyte. [Arg8]Vasopressin (AVP) receptors from liver and cholecystokinin-8 (sulfated) (CCK) receptors from brain were expressed in oocytes by intracellular injection of RNA. Both receptors stimulated a Ca2+-dependent Cl- current which can also be evoked by intracellular injection of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate. Hence, receptor stimulation of phospholipase C was measured as the evoked Ca2+-dependent Cl- current. The liver AVP receptor, which is known to stimulate phospholipase C in a pertussis toxin-insensitive manner (Lynch, C.J., Prpic, V., Blackmore, P.F., and Exton, J.H. (1986) Mol. Pharmacol. 29, 196-203), was found to stimulate phospholipase C through a pertussis toxin-sensitive pathway in the Xenopus oocyte. The CCK receptor from brain stimulated phospholipase C through a pertussis toxin-insensitive pathway. Both AVP and CCK stimulation of phospholipase C were attenuated by the intracellular injection of excess G-protein βγ subunits. Neither pertussis toxin treatment nor intracellular injection of βγ subunits affected any steps subsequent to inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate production. From these data we conclude that both the pertussis toxin-sensitive and -insensitive pathways for receptor coupling to phospholipase C are transduced by heterotrimeric G-proteins. We also find that there is a lack of coupling fidelity of receptors to G-protein in stimulation of phospholipase C which can be influenced by the membrane environment.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1989|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology