Country-Specific Prevalence and Incidence of Youth-Onset Type 2 Diabetes: A Narrative Literature Review

Jane L. Lynch, Margarita Barrientos-Pérez, Mona Hafez, Muhammad Yazid Jalaludin, Margarita Kovarenko, Paturi Vishnupriya Rao, Daniel Weghuber

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: With increased awareness of type 2 diabetes (T2D) in children and adolescents, an overview of country-specific differences in epidemiology data is needed to develop a global picture of the disease development. Summary: This study examined country-specific prevalence and incidence data of youth-onset T2D published between 2008 and 2019, and searched for national guidelines to expand the understanding of country-specific similarities and differences. Of the 1,190 articles and 17 congress abstracts identified, 58 were included in this review. Our search found the highest reported prevalence rates of youth-onset T2D in China (520 cases/100,000 people) and the USA (212 cases/100,000) and lowest in Denmark (0.6 cases/100,000) and Ireland (1.2 cases/100,000). However, the highest incidence rates were reported in Taiwan (63 cases/100,000) and the UK (33.2 cases/100,000), with the lowest in Fiji (0.43 cases/100,000) and Austria (0.6 cases/100,000). These differences in epidemiology data may be partly explained by variations in the diagnostic criteria used within studies, screening recommendations within national guidelines and race/ethnicity within countries. Key Messages: Our study suggests that published country-specific epidemiology data for youth-onset T2D are varied and scant, and often with reporting inconsistencies. Finding optimal diagnostic criteria and screening strategies for this disease should be of high interest to every country. Trial Registration: Not applicable.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)289-296
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of Nutrition and Metabolism
Volume76
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2021

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Diabetes mellitus type 2
  • Incidence
  • Prevalence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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