Counseling utilization by ethnic minority college students

Lisa K. Kearney, Matthew Draper, Augustine Barón

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

151 Scopus citations


Although multicultural awareness in counseling has risen substantially in the last decade, little research has examined counseling utilization and outcomes for ethnic minorities on university campuses. A sample of 1,166 African American, Asian American, Caucasian, and Latino help-seeking university students from over 40 universities nationwide filled out the Outcome Questionnaire 45 (OQ45) at the first and last therapy sessions. Caucasian students attended significantly more sessions than all other groups. Greatest distress was found at intake in Asian American students, followed by Latino, African American, and Caucasian students. All groups appeared to benefit from therapy, as noted by a decrease in symptomatology, but none of the groups met the criteria for clinically significant change for the OQ45. Implications for therapists working with minority clients are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)272-285
Number of pages14
JournalCultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • Ethnic minorities
  • Psychotherapy
  • Treatment research
  • University students

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science


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