Copy neutral absence of heterozygosity on chromosome 15 distal long arm: A surrogate marker for Prader–Willi/Angelman syndromes?

Veronica Ortega, Raymond J. Louie, Melanie A. Jones, Alka Chaubey, Barbara R. DuPont, Allison Britt, Joseph Ray, Scott D. McLean, Rebecca O. Littlejohn, Gopalrao Velagaleti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Copy-neutral absence of heterozygosity (CN-AOH) observed on a single chromosome or part of a chromosome may be indicative of uniparental disomy (UPD) and may require additional testing when such chromosomes or chromosome regions are known to harbor imprinted genes. Case presentation: Here we report 2 cases of neonates that presented to clinic with hypotonia, poor oral skills including inability to feed by mouth, weak cry, no response to noxious stimulation and vertical plantar creases (case 1) and hypotonia and respiratory distress (case 2). A preliminary chromosome analysis showed normal karyotypes in both cases while the high-resolution single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) microarray showed copy neutral absence of heterozygosity involving chromosome 15 distal long arm. In case 1, the CN-AOH involved a 28.7 Mb block from genomic coordinates 73703619_102429049. In case 2, the CN-AOH involved a 15.3 Mb block from genomic coordinates 54729197_70057534. In both cases, methylation-specific PCR did not detect an unmethylated allele for the SNRPN gene suggesting either a deletion of paternal allele or maternal UPD for chromosome 15. Since microarray analysis did not show any copy number alterations on chromosome 15, a microdeletion was ruled out. Conclusions: Based on our cases, we suggest that CN-AOH on chromosome 15, even if it does not involve the critical region of 15q12q13, should warrant additional studies for diagnosis of Prader–Willi/Angelman syndromes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number37
JournalMolecular Cytogenetics
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021

Keywords

  • Chromosome 15 distal long arm
  • Copy-neutral absence of heterozygosity (CN-AOH)
  • Prader–Willi/Angelman syndromes
  • Uniparental disomy (UPD)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Biochemistry, medical

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