Copeptin response to hypoglycemic stress is linked to prolactin activation in children

Juliana B. Drummond, Beatriz S. Soares, William Pedrosa, Erica L.M. Vieira, Antonio L. Teixeira, Mirjam Christ-Crain, Antonio Ribeiro-Oliveira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: The physiological role of arginine vasopressin (AVP) in the acute stress response in humans and especially in children is unclear. The aim of this study was to explore the interaction between copeptin, a well-established surrogate marker of AVP release, and anterior pituitary hormone activation in response to acute hypoglycemic stress in children and adolescents. Methods: We conducted an exploratory single center study involving 77 children and adolescents undergoing insulin-induced hypoglycemia. Blood levels of copeptin, ACTH, cortisol, GH, prolactin, interleukin-6 (IL-6), adrenaline and noradrenaline were determined at baseline and after insulin-induced hypoglycemia. Results: Basal plasma levels of copeptin (median: 5.2 pmol/L) increased significantly after hypoglycemia (median 9.7 pmol/L; P < 0.0001). Subjects with insufficient HPA axis response or severe GH deficiency had lower hypoglycemia-induced copeptin increase (median: 2.3 pmol/L) compared with individuals with intact pituitary response (median: 5.2 pmol/L, P = 0.02). Copeptin increase correlated significantly with the maximal increase of ACTH (rs = 0.30; P = 0.010), cortisol (rs = 0.33; P = 0.003), prolactin (rs = 0.25; P = 0.03), IL-6 (rs = 0.35; P = 0.008) and with BMI-SDS (rs = − 0.28, P = 0.01). In multivariate regression analysis, prolactin increase was the only independent variable associated with copeptin increase (P = 0.0004). Conclusion: Our data indicate that: (1) hypoglycemic stress elicits a marked copeptin response in children and adolescents, pointing out its role as an acute stress marker in this population; (2) stress-induced AVP/copeptin release is associated with anterior pituitary activation, mainly a prolactin response.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)681-690
Number of pages10
JournalPituitary
Volume23
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Children
  • Copeptin
  • Hypoglycemia
  • Prolactin
  • Stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

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