Seven anesthetized dogs with bronchopleural fistulas were subjected to a sequence of continuous positive-pressure ventilation (CPPV), volume-controlled high-frequency positive-pressure ventilation (HFPPV), and high-frequency vibratory ventilation (HFVV). Adequate short-term ventilation and oxygenation were possible with all three ventilatory modes. During HFPPV and HFVV, Pa(CO2) was unchanged, but hypercarbia developed during CPPV. Pa(O2) decreased during each mode of ventilation, but HFPPV maintained Pa(O2) at a sufficient and constant level during the 30-min test period. HFPPV was the most efficient technique with respect to delivery of minute ventilation, the relation between fistula flow and delivered ventilation, and maintenance of both ventilation and oxygenation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine