Controversies in Orthognathic Surgery

Daniel E. Perez, Aaron Liddell

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Controversy has accompanied orthognathic surgery since its adaptation for the correction of dentofacial deformities. With the development of less invasive and less morbid osteotomy designs, questions regarding overall osteotomy stability have abounded. The transition from prolonged intermaxillary fixation and wire osteosynthesis to rigid internal fixation has spurred questions regarding the most effective fixation technique, and challenged previously accepted hierarchies of stability. These questions represent only the surface of a sea of debate and discussion, as measures have been taken to optimize patient outcome, minimize patient morbidity, and maximize operating room productivity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)425-440
Number of pages16
JournalOral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
Issue number4
StatePublished - Nov 2017


  • Condylar positioning
  • Open bites
  • Orthognathic surgery
  • Pre/bend plates
  • Segmental osteotomies
  • Sequence
  • Splint less surgery
  • Virtual planning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oral Surgery
  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology


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