Objectives. To compare postoperative morbidity and mortality in a concurrent and contemporary series of patients who underwent radical cystectomy with ileal conduit versus orthotopic neobladder. Methods. The data of 198 patients were reviewed, 117 with orthotopic reconstruction and 81 with ileal conduit during a 5-year time frame. Thirty-day morbidity, mortality, reoperative rates, and parameters associated with the surgical procedures were obtained from chart review. Results. No perioperative or postoperative deaths occurred in either group. The median operative time for the ileal conduit was 201 minutes (range 140 to 373), and for the orthotopic neobladder, it was 270 minutes (range 230 to 425). The median blood loss was 389 and 474 mL, respectively. The median length of hospitalization was 8 days for the ileal conduit group and 7 days for the orthotopic neobladder group. Diversion-related complications recognized within 30 days that ultimately required a return to the operating room occurred in 3.4% of those with a neobladder and 1.2% of those with an ileal conduit. Conclusions. The orthotopic neobladder is a longer and technically more complex procedure than the ileal conduit procedure. However, no demonstrable difference in morbidity or perioperative complications were found between the two procedures in our review. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Inc.
ASJC Scopus subject areas